nearshore software development definition explained

Nearshore Outsourcing Definition and Its Advantages

Nearshoring is one of the types of outsourcing. It is a practice of moving some business tasks and processes to the other provider or company for mutual benefit. In the case of nearshore outsourcing services, it means delegating these processes to a nearby country, which often shares the same time zone and similar geographical location.


This is the main difference between nearshore outsourcing definition and other types of outsourcing. The principal of delegating the processes in the same for nearshore definition, yet the destination is other – it should be close to the home country. This nearby country often offers high-quality professionals at lower rates, while sharing similar cultural and business values.

Nearshoring Definition and Demand Worldwide and in Ukraine

Outsourcing is a huge part of the IT industry nowadays, as it has significant financial benefits. For example, the global market size of outsourced processes has reached $92.5 billion as of today. Of course, it includes all types of outsourcing, but nearshore software development has grown in recent years and becomes more popular among businesses.

Why nearshore outsourcing is on the rise? Well, because of the advantages this type of outsourcing provides:

  • It is cost-effective in terms of lower rates and rental fees, etc.
  • Little to no time barriers, the communication can be direct and without any delays.
  • Often there is no language barrier, which also makes communication quite efficient.
  • It is easy to visit the provider, have a meeting as the destination in a couple of hours of flight – easier management and control.

The nearshoring definition includes overcoming the issues that outsourcing to a distant country provides. What does nearshore mean for the European IT industry? It means that such countries as Ukraine become a beneficial destination for delegating tasks. The local companies are named among the best in the world by The Global Outsourcing 100.

IT  market in Ukraine grows faster than worldwide. According to the market overview, only in the years 2016 the workforce number grew by 25%. IT is the third largest export sector in local economy that brings around $4.5 billion per year.

Onshore and Nearshore Outsourcing Definition

Onshore outsourcing definition comes close with nearshore outsourcing definition, but there is a distinct difference. Onshoring means delegating business processes to another company but within the national borders. The similarity to the nearshoring definition is in the search for the closest provider, but without leaving the country.

Onshoring is often used by automated production, where other companies create some supplies. It is beneficial in terms of the delegation of specific tasks to specialized professionals. Companies use it for fast production and high-quality results without starting the on-premise team. However, the main downside is that it is not as budget-friendly as nearshoring.

Onshoring and Nearshoring: Pros and Cons

Now, when an onshoring and nearshoring definition is clear, let’s have a closer look at the advantages and disadvantages of each of them.

Outsourcing TypeProsCons
  • Provides immediate communication, almost no travel time
  • The same documentation and legislation
  • Convenient control and management
  • No language or cultural barriers
  • Easy standardization
  • The costs are not lower as it is the same country
  • Reduced talent pool to choose from
  • Some processes cannot be efficiently performed in the nearest location
  • Significant reduction of costs
  • A great number of professionals to choose from
  • Competitive market
  • Minimal language, cultural or time barriers
  • A fast collaboration of the project
  • Might require some traveling,
    but usually a 2-3 hours flight


what does nearshore mean for a business

Onshoring or nearshoring definition does not provide an ultimate choice that suits every company. The particular solution depends on the industry, the task, and requirements.

Nearshore Outsourcing Meaning and Significance for the IT Industry

Nearshore software development definition means delegating programming processes to a close country. This type of outsourcing is specifically beneficial for the IT industry all over the world for several reasons.

First of all, it increases the choice of talents. As a company is no longer limited to one country, it is easier to find high-quality specialists. For example, Ukraine has more than 180,000 IT professionals, which is a great number to choose from. Moreover, nearshore outsourcing can be a strategic advantage for businesses seeking localization or language-related services, for example, Swedish text annotation. Nearshore outsourcing not only offers access to native language proficiency but also cultural insights that are critical in text annotation. Therefore, nearshoring provides an efficient way to manage such intricate tasks without compromising on quality or accuracy.

Secondly, software development offers easy quality control in comparison to the production of material goods. An on-premise team can collaborate in the same environment as the nearshoring team simultaneously. It is easy to control the workflow and results even without physical presence.

Thirdly, it is much more beneficial for cost reduction. It is much cheaper to move processes to a nearby country than to have an on-premise team, especially when it is project-by-project collaboration. And the rates in countries like Ukraine are much lower in comparison to other EU residents, such as the UK, Germany or the Netherlands.

That’s why when it comes to software development; nearshore outsourcing brings almost exclusively advantages for a business.

Benefits of Nearshoring to Ukraine

As it was stated before, Ukraine is one of the top destinations for nearshoring Europe. And here are the main reasons why:

  • Convenient location. It is in the center of Europe and it takes 2-3 hours to fly directly from almost any capital of the EU.
  • Comfortable time zone. There is little to no difference in time for EU countries.
  • Lower rates. The professionals here have salaries that are about 30% lower than their colleagues from other countries. The rent is also cheaper here.
  • Competitive market. There is a great talent pool in Ukraine as about 30,000 IT professionals graduate from local universities annually.
  • Similar mentality and business values. As it is a European country, there are no significant cultural differences. Ukrainian providers share the same work ethics.
  • High level of English among employees. It reduces misunderstanding and makes communication much easier.

Nearshore Outsourcing Is a Great Investment

Nearshore outsourcing definition is delegating business processes and tasks to other providers, which is located in a nearby country. It is extremely popular as it solves many issues of outsourcing to distant countries, such as time, language, and cultural differences. At the same time, it is beneficial in terms of the greater talent pool and significantly lower disbursements.

Angelika is a Blogger and Content Marketer passionate about the topics covering IT resources optimization, building nearshore R&D centers in Eastern Europe and outsourcing business processes. She has over 5 years of experience in managing IT projects and discovering the ways to optimize business processes inside technological companies.